Medicinal and Bioorganic Chemistry
Bioorganic chemistry is a rapidly growing scientific discipline that combines organic chemistry and biochemistry. However medicinal chemistry in its most common practice focusing on small organic molecules encompasses synthetic organic chemistry and aspects of natural products and computational chemistry in close combination with chemical biology, enzymology and structural biology, together aiming at the discovery and development of new therapeutic agents.
It employs organic chemistry to explain how enzymes catalyze the reactions of metabolic pathways and why metabolites react the way they do. It aims to expand organic-chemical research on structures, synthesis, and kinetics in a biological direction.